Waste - fundamental problem

Every civilization produces waste. The more advanced a civilization is sadly the more waste is being produced. It is also a fact that the processing of waste in many countries still can be improved massively.

The production of waste in most countries is growing further. Solutions for its processing are necessary to protect the environment.

Energy that was used to produce modern goods or energy that is part of any kind of biomass can be used for different purposes. The goal of any civilization has to be that as little as possible energy is wasted and that the processing is eco- friendly.


Usual effects of waste not being processed

Waste that is not being processed may

 

• rot, releasing components that can do harm to nature and civilians ->pollution of groundwater and soils e.g.

 

• be eaten by animals, transferring toxic particles up the food chain and into our stomacs

 

• not rot, taking huge areas for disposal with unpleasant sights and odors

 

• be disposed of inproperly, resulting in pollution of the environment


The advantages of reprocessing

Waste being reprocessed may

 

• protect the environment and any species living in it

 

• reduce the space at disposal sites

 

• allow the retrieval of valuable components

 

• result in energy production /electricity

 

• result in by-products for further use


Technical functionality of the combustion furnace

The combustion furnace may be filled with biomass or trash. Fluids in biomass can either be reduced by the use of heat that is generated by the combustion furnace or high pressure is used to separate fluids from solid material.

 

This drying process shall reduce odors and space taken by the waste inside the storage tanks. A dosing device controls the amount of waste fed to the combustion chamber. The heat generated by the combustion produces steam inside the system, driving a turbine that generates power.

 

The by-product is ash that –if resulting from biomass – can be used as fertilizer.

The combustion takes place at very high temperatures of over 850 degrees celsius, leaving very little pollutants in the exhaust gas.


Advantages of the combustion furnace system

• Produces very little pollutants in the exhaust gas

 

• Leaves ash and no mentionable solid material

 

• 450 kg of waste material can be dried per hour, reducing odors and space taken by the waste material

 

• Produces heat that can be used for heating or can be used to drive the turbine generating power

 

• No glazing of the materials inside the combustion chamber -> very little cleaning activities necessary

 

• The combustion furnace is stored inside containers of 40 feet, allowing the installation without the necessity of additional buildings to supply shelter for the system*